Today, the condition is such that we are devoid of some of the natural resources as they have become extinct. Development has taken the world to a higher level but with this the resources are being used more and more day by day to support the development. So, at this point, only development won’t suffice as this will lead to extinction of resources within a few decades. We need to throw light on the concept of sustainable development. Here the development will be obvious but the only difference is that we would be using the resources available right now without disturbing those which are reserved for future use. Thus, Sustainable development can be defined as a development where we fulfill the needs of present day and we don’t compromise on the ability of the future generation to fulfill their own needs. What is Sustainable development? Defined here in the report given below.
This whole world is one. Although we have many continents and countries, the development of each part of the world should go hand in hand. Thus, we should work as one single element where all should work together towards its success. When you look at it as a whole, then you will realize how pollution badly affects the atmosphere in every country of today Many International Pacts are made which help to unite on a global scale and solve various problems in a line. When we look at the concept of Sustainable Development, we come to know that this idea is rooted back to many generations. The problems we are facing today are very huge and dangerous. We created them and we ourselves will have to solve them as soon as possible to avoid further damage to our land.
Sustainable development makes the world a better place to thrive. It is the way to use the natural system and other ecosystem services. Thus, we need to set a limit on the resources we use so that the future generations can fulfill their needs too. We need to maintain the stability and beauty of the nature and its elements. To put it in simple words, we should maintain the productivity of resource, be it natural one or manmade. For instance, if we are cutting a tree to use its wood and other parts then we should plant at least one or more than one sapling at the same time. This is the main concept of Sustainable Development. Here we are using the resource but then making way for the future generations to use the resources as well. Thus we must regenerate and maintain the natural reserves. In olden days, sowing the seeds and then planting them was a regular practice of everyone. It is because of their idea we are able to enjoy all the resources very well.
In 1980, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature came with a strategy where many ideas about sustainable development were stated and this issue was of a global priority. Then, in 1992, the UN Conference on Environment and Development published an article called ‘the Earth Charter’. Here they explained in brief the making of a just and sustainable world by the 21st century. It says that everyone who uses the natural resource in any way is responsible for maintaining the balance in one way or the other. To explain it in a crisp way, sustainable development also means that the growth and development of the future depends on the present efforts to manage the resources and use them in lesser quantities. We cannot leave this environment to live somewhere else. We have to by any means live within these limits. So, sustainable development is also about finding the perfect way to preserve the present as well as the future. We will have to reduce the quantity of natural resources consumption without compromising on the quality.
Sustainable Development can be categorized into many parts. First one is Sustainable Ecology which throws light on the resource related to human health. The air we breathe in, the food we consume and other such resources related to us directly should be conserved. People should focus on the food, shelter and other such ecological elements for the sake of sustainable development. Second one is Sustainable Agriculture, where the farmers look out for nature-friendly ideas to produce crops and vegetables. They take care of the animals used in farming and make sure that minimum loss is incurred by them. They take care and use natural products so that soil, water and atmosphere are not adversely affected by the after effects. This way they can pass on the farm and other such resources to the next generation and thus help them indirectly. Third one is sustainable energy, which means we should make use of those energy resources which does not lead to much pollution and can be used for longer times. The best idea will be to use renewable energy resource as much as we can. Solar energy is commonly used nowadays in public areas, for street lights and other household use. This helps us to save the coal used to produce electricity. Other than this, wind energy is also a huge help for sustainable development. For e.g. in Texas we have the largest wind power station. Also recycling the waste material is a definite idea of conservation. Home as well as offices can help the environment by incorporating the habit of recycling the waste and using the recycled material. Even water conservation is one good idea and critical issue too. We should make use of products that make less use of water and conserve it wherever possible.
Talking about Environment sustainability, we must take extensive care to maintain the diversity and productivity of the nature. Without nature, we might not get other natural resources. Thus we need to engage ourselves in some activities which will help us maintain the volume of natural resources in the nature. But this also depends on the needs of the huge population. Due to increasing population, the balance in the nature is not maintained. And nature cannot produce beyond its limit. Thus, this imbalance will always prevail until the death rates equals to the birth rate or vice versa. Thus we need to control birth rate because if it is not controlled then a time will come when all the resources will come under the danger of extinction and this might lead to the extinction of humanity.
We must constantly work on this concept so that we can achieve a certain level of social progress. Also, we need to achieve economical progress in such a way that the resources are maintained intact. The idea of sustainable development should be implemented as soon as possible as we are in the danger zone now. Little ignorance and we might find it very difficult to maintain the balance in nature. The need is really urgent and real as we cannot afford to disregard Mother Nature any more.
If we really want to concentrate on sustainable development then we need to curb the outlet of poisonous gases emitted by small and heavy vehicles. The gases produced by vehicles are almost one third of the total gases coming from various sources. A few cities in the world have come up with ideas to curb this kind of pollution. They have encouraged people to use cycles for longer distances and walk to the destinations nearby. They have improved the quality of public transportation so that people don’t use their personal cars everyday and cause more pollution. One more method can be drastically increasing the rates of fuel so that people are compelled to use public transportation. We also need to throw light on the current economic condition of people. It is very important to maintain a good standard of living of the people so that even they can help in conserving the resources. Education plays a very important role in sustainable growth of the world. This is the only means by which we can achieve our goal.
The resources available to us may seem too much, but in reality they are just finite. On the other hand, the world is growing at a very fast pace. Since we have a limited ecosystem, we need to keep a watch on our needs and requirements. Our future generations may find it too tough to sustain if we don’t start conserving from today itself. Hence, to improve the quality of our life as well as of the coming generations, we need to implement the idea of sustainable development. It is in our hands to do so. By education and awareness, make sure our future is secure in our hands.
Sustainable Development is the way to preserve our natural resources and protect the Earth from all kinds of issues and extinctions to save the natural resources for the future generations.