The Earth is complete with all sorts of wondrous and amazing things all around. The 7 Wonders of the World are the exceptionally beautiful wonders that make the Earth a beautiful place to live on. On 07-07-2007, to represent the global heritage throughout history, more than 100 million people across the world voted and selected the new 7 wonders of the world. Though some of the old Seven Wonders of the World could continue their reign, many of them had to leave their place for new entrants into the list. This was the first time a voting was done to value the opinions of all the people living on the planet. Let us see what the world voted in as the official new 7 Wonders of the World. There is no special ranking among the new Seven Wonders of the World. All of them are presented as a group without any ranking. So here is the list of the new 7 Wonders of the World.
Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China is one of the 7 wonders of the world which could continue its reign in the list of seven world wonders. Great Wall of China is a long wall of fortifications which was made by the Chinese states and empires over centuries starting from 7th century BC to protect their areas from the invasion and raids of the various nomadic groups. The wall has been built using stone, brick, tamped earth, wood and other materials. The wall is built east to west along the historical northern borders of china. The several walls built over the centuries by different empires have been joined together by the empires which came later, and the whole structure now spans over a length of around 21,196 kilometres. The majority of the wall that we can see now was built during the Ming Dynasty. The great wall also was used for border control, including imposition of duties on goods transported along the silk route.
Christ the Redeemer Statue
Blessing the city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil lies the next wonder of the world. The Christ the Redeemer Statue weighing 635 metric tons is situated at the peak of the Corcovado Mountain in the Tijuca forest national park overlooking the city of Rio de Janeiro. It was constructed between 1922 and 1931; created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa in collaboration with French Engineer Albert Caquot. The statue is 30 meters tall, not including its 8 meter pedestal. The arms of the statue stretch 28 meters wide. The statue is made from soapstone and reinforced concrete and is a symbol of Brazilian Christianity and an icon for the city of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil.
Machu Picchu, also known as Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca site located 2430 meters above sea level in the Cusco region, Urubamba province of Machupicchu District in Peru. The site is located on a mountain ridge above the sacred valley through which the Urubamba River flows, and is around 80 kilometres northwest to Cusco. Machu Picchu is the most familiar icon of the Inca civilisation and according to the most archaeologists; it was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachauti. The entire structure was built by the Incas doing 1450s and was later abandoned during the times of the Spanish conquest. The site remained unknown to the world until 1911, and now it is one of the largest tourist attractions in South America. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style using polished dry stone walls. The three primary structures of this complex are the Inti Watana, the temple of Sun and the room of three windows. Machu Picchu was declared as a UNESCO world heritage site in 983, and restoration works of the site is still in progress.
Petra, also known as the Rose city due to the colour of the stone out of which the city is carved, is a historical and archaeological city located in the southern Jordanian Governorate of Ma’an. The ancient city is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduit system. The city was built possibly as early as 312 BC and spreads over an area of 264 square kilometres. The city was built as a capital of the Nabataeans. Petra was home to roughly 30000 people and the city was abandoned in the year 106 AD because of some reason which is still unknown. The city remained unknown to the western world until 1812. The city has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1985. The site lies in the slope of Jebel al Madhbah, more commonly identified as the biblical Mount Hor. Petra remains to be the most visited tourist attraction of Jordan.
Chichen Itza is an archaeological site located in the municipality of Tinum in the Mexican state of Yucatan. It was a large pre Columbian city built by the Mayans and was one of the largest Maya cities. The city may have had one of the most diverse populations in the Maya world, which might have contributed towards the variety of architectural styles that we can see at the site. The El Castillo, the temple of Kukulkan, a Mayan feathered serpent deity dominates the centre of the Chichen Itza archaeological site. This 30 meter high step pyramid is the most important attractions of this site.
Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is the largest amphitheatre in the world and is considered as one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering. Built of concrete and stone, this elliptical amphitheatre is situated in the heart of the city of Rome in Italy. The Colosseum was built under the roman emperor Vespasian from 72 AD to 80 AD by the time it was completed by his successor and heir Titus. Colosseum could hold an estimated number of 50000 to 80000 spectators and was used the venue for Gladiator contests, Executions, and other public spectacles such as dramas, re enactments of famous battles etc. though in its partially ruined state, the Colosseum stands as an iconic symbol of the imperial Rome.
The Taj Mahal is another world wonder that continues its reign as one of the seven world wonders. Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum which was built in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal is located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra. Constructed by more than 20000 artisans under the guidance of Ustad Ahmed Lahauri, the domed marble tomb is part of an integrated complex which consists of gardens, and two red sandstone buildings surrounded by crenulated wall on three sides. Designated as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1983, Taj Mahal is the best example of Mughal Architecture and is the symbol of India’s rich history. Taj Mahal is visited by more than 3 million tourists in a year. It is considered as the symbol of love across the world.
The Earth is a wonder in itself, a large mass encompassing several inhabitants. Situated on the Earth, we have the 7 Wonders of the World, which are the chosen seven among the huge number of wonders found on our planet.